On December 2, Ms. Caldwell spoke at the launch of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Foreign Bribery Report in Paris, France.  Ms. Caldwell spoke of the “pivotal role” of the OECD Working Group on Bribery and the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in the “worldwide battle against bribery.”  She also noted the significant U.S. efforts to work with the Working Group partners in combating foreign corruption and the Department of Justice’s “rigorous enforcement” of the FCPA.  Ms. Caldwell spoke to the DOJ’s enforcement record with respect to foreign bribery, noting that, combined with efforts by the SEC in resolving civil cases, total combined FCPA penalties and forfeiture are approximately $4.5 billion.  She said that the Working Group has been critical to these efforts and that all countries must contribute to the international effort.  As examples of the importance of international cooperation, Ms. Caldwell discussed the recent resolution of a bribery case involving Alstom and Marubeni Corporation.