On January 11, 2017, Volkswagen AG agreed to pay a $2.8 billion criminal penalty and plead guilty to conspiracy to defraud the United States and U.S. consumers and violate the Clean Air Act, obstruction of justice, and importation by means of false statements.  In its guilty plea, which has not yet been accepted by the court, Volkswagen admitted that it made misstatements to the EPA and U.S. customers about Volkswagen, Audi, and Porsche branded diesel vehicles, used software to give the appearance that those vehicles met U.S. emissions standards, and failed to disclose material facts about that software to regulators.  DOJ also announced indictments against six individuals—Heinz-Jacob Neusser, Jens Hadler, Richard Dorenkamp, Bernd Gottweis, Oliver Schmidt, and Jürgen Peter—for their roles in an alleged conspiracy to violate the Clean Air Act and commit wire fraud as well as alleged wire fraud and Clean Air Act violations.  On February 23, 2017, Oliver Schmidt pled not guilty to all charges.  Volkswagen also agreed to pay $1.5 billion to resolve civil environmental, customs, and FIRREA claims.  United States v. Volkswagen AG, No. 16-CR-20394 (E.D. Mich.); United States v. Dorenkamp, No. 16-CR-20394 (E.D. Mich.). DOJ Press Release.