On March 27, 2017, Mehmet Hakan Atilla, a citizen and resident of Turkey, was arrested for conspiring to use the U.S. financial system to conduct transactions on behalf of the Government of Iran and other Iranian entities and to defraud U.S. financial institutions by concealing the nature of these transactions.  According to the Complaint unsealed on March 28, Atilla, a Deputy General Manager of International Banking at a Turkish Bank, helped Reza Zarrab, a gold trader, supply currency and gold to the Government of Iran and other Iranian entities.  They used fraudulent documents to make the prohibited Iranian financial transactions appear to be transactions involving food, which would qualify under the humanitarian exception to the sanctions regime.  Atilla is charged in the Complaint with conspiracy to violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (“IEEPA”) and to commit bank fraud.  United States v. Atilla, 1:17-mj-02197 (S.D.N.Y.). DOJ Press Release