On March 23, 2018, an indictment was unsealed charging nine Iranian citizens, all affiliated with the Iran-based Mabna Institute, with involvement in a coordinated campaign to steal intellectual property and academic data from a variety of U.S. and foreign targets.  The indictment alleged that, in total, the defendants stole more than 31 terabytes of material from targets that included universities, private sector companies, the U.S. Department of Labor, and the United Nations Children’s Fund.  Many of these intrusions were conducted on behalf of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, which is one of the intelligence-gathering arms of the Iranian government.  Data that the hackers obtained included logon credentials for the email accounts of approximately 8,000 professors from universities worldwide.  The indictment alleges that these credentials were stolen in order to be sold online for the benefit of the Government of Iran. United States v. Gholamreza Rafatnejad, 1:18-cr-00094-JMF (S.D.N.Y.)

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